There are many forms of contraceptives available. As every woman is unique, there is no “one size fits all” when it comes to contraception.
Women have many reasons for seeking contraception. Contraception allows women to choose when to have a baby. Responsible contraceptive practices also help to reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies and abortions. The final preference depends on the stage of the couple’s reproductive cycle, medical factors, cost of contraceptives, whether they want permanent or temporary/reversible contraception, socio-economic factors and religious factors.
|How effective is this method?||How many options are available?||How often do I need to use it?||How quickly can I get pregnant if I stop using it?||Do I need to see my Gynaecologist to start?||Do I need a prescription?||Does this protect against STDs & AIDS?|
|Oral contraceptive pills||99% effective||A variety in different doses||Should take your Pill daily at about the same time as prescribed||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, you need to learn to take the Pills correctly||Yes||No|
|Contraceptive injections||99% effective||1 option||1 injection every 3 months||May take 6-12 months before you can get pregnant||Yes||Yes||No|
|Mirena (IUS)||98% effective||1 option||Length of use is 5 years or less||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it||Yes||No|
|Implanon NXT||99% effective||1 option||Length of use is 3 years or less||Fertility usually returns quickly once discontinued||Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it||Yes||No|
|NuvaRing||99% effective||1 option||Insert 1 NuvaRing once for 3 weeks. During Week 4, the NuvaRing is removed||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, you need to learn how to insert the Nuvaring into the vagina correctly||Yes||No|
|Male condom||90% effective when used with spermicide||A variety of styles, sizes, colours, materials & textures||Every time you have intercourse||Immediate fertility||No||No||Yes|
|Intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD)||98% effective||1 option||Length of use is 3-5 years or less||Fertility returns immediately when discontinued||Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it||Yes||No|
|Sterilisation||Greater than 99% effective||2 options – laparoscopic clips or transvaginal micro- inserts||Permanent & irreversible||You will no longer be able to get pregnant||Yes, your Gynaecologist will perform the procedure||Gynaecologist