Contraception
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There are many forms of contraceptives available. As every woman is unique, there is no “one size fits all” when it comes to contraception.

Women have many reasons for seeking contraception. Contraception allows women to choose when to have a baby. Responsible contraceptive practices also help to reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies and abortions. The final preference depends on the stage of the couple’s reproductive cycle, medical factors, cost of contraceptives, whether they want permanent or temporary/reversible contraception, socio-economic factors and religious factors.

  How effective is this method? How many options are available? How often do I need to use it? How quickly can I get pregnant if I stop using it? Do I need to see my Gynaecologist to start? Do I need a prescription? Does this protect against STDs & AIDS?
Hormonal Contraceptives
Oral contraceptive pills 99% effective A variety in different doses Should take your Pill daily at about the same time as prescribed Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, you need to learn to take the Pills correctly Yes No
Contraceptive injections 99% effective 1 option 1 injection every 3 months May take 6-12 months before you can get pregnant Yes Yes No
Mirena (IUS) 98% effective 1 option Length of use is 5 years or less Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it Yes No
Implanon NXT 99% effective 1 option Length of use is 3 years or less Fertility usually returns quickly once discontinued Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it Yes No
 NuvaRing 99% effective 1 option Insert 1 NuvaRing once for 3 weeks. During Week 4, the NuvaRing is removed Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, you need to learn how to insert the Nuvaring into the vagina correctly Yes No
Non-hormonal Contraceptives
Male condom 90% effective when used with spermicide A variety of styles, sizes, colours, materials & textures Every time you have intercourse Immediate fertility No No Yes
Intra-uterine contraceptive device (IUCD) 98% effective 1 option Length of use is 3-5 years or less Fertility returns immediately when discontinued Yes, your Gynaecologist needs to insert it Yes No
Permanent Methods
Sterilisation Greater than 99% effective 2 options – laparoscopic clips or transvaginal micro- inserts Permanent & irreversible You will no longer be able to get pregnant Yes, your Gynaecologist will perform the procedure Gynaecologist
consult
required
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